Alcohol Addiction Treatment
Alcoholism can be contributed to genetics and family life.
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 16.6 million adults are diagnosed with an alcohol disorder and only 7 percent actually seek treatment. Because of social stigma, there a lot of people who do not admit their addiction or seek treatment; therefore, medical experts believe that the statistics are probably a lot higher for those who are struggling with alcohol addiction. For those who do seek treatment, they significantly increase their chance at becoming sober for at least a year.
What are the Causes of Alcohol Addiction?
Studies show that fifty to sixty percent of alcoholism comes from genetics. Seventy-six million American adults have alcoholism in their family, with first-degree relatives, such as a parent, sibling or child, being two to four times more likely to become an alcoholic themselves. Genetics play the biggest role in alcoholism; however, other factors include a parent’s mental health, violence or a lack of communication in the family and stress, anxiety or depression in one’s own life.
Another cause of alcohol addiction is its highly addictive and psychoactive ingredient, ethanol. The frequent consumption of alcohol causes neurotransmitters to become inhibited which can negatively affect the mental reward system of the brain. The neurotransmitters are known to send pleasure signals to the brain and when substance abuse occurs, they are thrown off and only produce the pleasure signal when they feel the effects of alcohol. If alcohol is no longer introduced to the body, it will become confused and fall into a frenzy.
Like all substances, alcohol causes the body to become tolerant and dependent. Users need alcohol to function as a normal human being, causing them to continue drinking, which significantly increases the risk of overdose and death.
Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse and Addiction
Someone who has an alcohol addiction or dependency may display one or more of the following characteristics:
Problems with work, social relationships and brushes with the law
Every addiction treatment, whether it be for drug or alcohol addiction and dependency, begins with detoxification. Because the user has become accustomed to the physical and psychological rewards of alcohol, they will experience intense withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification period, including:
Alcohol detoxification and withdrawal require monitoring by a professionally trained staff of doctors, therapists and addiction treatment personnel. In some cases, the symptoms of withdrawal are so severe, such as seizures, hallucinations and delirium, that a user will need medically assisted detoxification.
Another important step in the detoxification process is nutritional support. Alcohol is an appetite suppressor and nullifies the body’s ability to absorb nutrients. Chronic alcohol abusers often have severe nutritional deficiencies, including Vitamin-B, which increases hydration and aids in removing alcohol from the body. Most vitamins and minerals are administered orally; however, in some severe cases, where standard methods are ineffective, they are administered intravenously. Either way, nutrient intake is essential for the safety of the patient and to help ease the detoxification process.
After the detoxification process, patients will begin their highly individualized treatment programs. Each program includes both traditional and holistic therapies. One of our most effective therapies, the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, teaches patients how to recognize their addictive and maladaptive behaviors as well as coping mechanisms.
Another therapy Sprout Health Texas highly recommends is family therapy. With our patient’s consent, we include family in the therapy sessions; this allows for us to gain further insight into your health history as well as your family life. We are also able to educate your family on the signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse so they can share their knowledge with others and maybe help them receive treatment as well.